1. Home
  2. Knowledge Base
  3. Scientific Studies
  4. Behavior
  5. Dog
  6. Aggression
  7. The Ethology and Epidemiology of Canine Aggression

The Ethology and Epidemiology of Canine Aggression

Randall Lockwood, 1995

Why Canids Bite?

Biting is obviously a key component of predatory behavior in canids, However, most social canids show surprisingly low levels of intra-specific aggression. Despite the strong restraint on the use of aggression, biting can occur in many contexts including expressions of dominance, territorial defense, food-competition, protection of young or other pack members, pain-elicited aggression and fear-elicited aggression. Dog attacks can occur in any of these contexts and may also involve components of inter-specific predatory behavior.

Download full study below

Article Attachments

Related Articles


  1. Looking at death statistics there is a sharp rise in the 2000 with 2003 starting the steepest. Going from just 4-6 a year to over 20 in many cases.

    An essay titled, “Dangerous Dogs Status Symbol,” from the UK notes an 80% increase in dog bites and from watching videos here in the U.S. many of the want a dangerous, dog as a status symbol or “protection.” Especially those in gangs or gang areas.

    In many regards it has almost gotten to the point a person should be required to take a course before they can buy a dog to ensure they can handle it, and breeders should be interviewing potential buyers, if they actually care about the dogs more than the money.